Thoracic surgery encompasses diagnosis and therapy of various clinical pictures of the lungs and mediastinum. As in other areas of surgery, the minimally invasive surgical techniques, such as Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) or mediastinscopy, are becoming increasingly important.
Mediastinoscopy is used for diagnosis and complete removal of mediastinal lymph nodes or tumor clusters. Modern surgery in this discipline primarily uses video mediastinoscopes which make interventions much easier for the surgeon.
Single-port thoracoscopy is gaining increased importance for clarifying any additional advanced treatments necessary. It facilitates minimally invasive diagnosis with a small incision and avoids painful, postoperative stress in patients.
The area of Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) comprises diagnostic and therapeutic treatments in the thorax. This procedure is increasingly replacing the open technique for partial resections and complete resections for lobes of the lung and entire areas of the lung.